Sustainable Architecture, keys
The Sustainable Architecture takes into account the complex relational environment where it's located in order to achieve its aim of integrating the different needs. we can distinguished three relational spaces that are key to addressing its realization:
As the last receiver of the construction benefits that allow him to develop as person and a member of the society.
- Adaptation of the building in its private conception (internal) to the wishes, dreams and needs of the person or persons to whom the building is design within an architectural language care.
- Respect, likewise, the constraints on Comfort (thermal, acoustic, visual, smell and environment) in the building customized for the people who inhabit and use. In that aspect will have to add the system most convenient, economical and functional to use and maintain. It should be tend to the use of passive systems that do not require human intervention to operate and often require minimal maintenance.
- Adaptation of the project and its technical requirements to the economic possibilities of those to whom the building is made. We all have the right to enjoy a home and a working environment which will allow us, or at least not restrict us, to maximize our ambitions and desires. In this section we have some options that will facilitate the work:
- Use of low cost alternative materials.
(Adobe, tapial, bales of straw ,...)
- Self-management or self-promotion, minimizing middlemen in the process.
- Self-construction, either the whole or just a part to get a dual purpose of lowering costs and appropriating the house (psychologically).
Allowing their integration into social identity, their culture and idiosyncrasy.
- Adaptation of the building in its public conception (outside) to local culture and way of being allowing its consistent integration without renouncing to as many innovations and architectural suggestions aimed to resolve the existing problems and the adaptation to contemporary architectural language.
- Use of materials, constructive systems and workforce local which will decrease the energy requirements (transport, handling ,...), and promote the local economy along the increased qualification of the workforce.
- Respect of the laws and systems of Health & Security of people involved in the work.
- Compliance with the constraints of Comfort (thermal, acoustic, visual, smell and environment) on the urban scale where the building is inserted. Is important to accommodate to the urban requirements not waiving to transform the preexisting urban hatch to improve the overall functioning city.
With the aim of allowing the symbiotic association (mutual) between the Human Being and Nature, in addition to preventing and mitigating the effects of climate change.
- Savings taking into account different aspects:
- raw materials (metal, wood, water and energy needs ,...) (electricity, fuel ,...) at all stages on the building life; Production of raw materials, construction, use, maintenance and recycling. -
- Use of climatological conditions that exist in our favour, trying to minimize the needs to adapt to the constraints of the building. (Bioclimate architecture)
- And also promote a decrease need of constructed Terrain, allowing in low-density construction their growth in new vertically housing to avoid the extensive growth that consumes and destroys the environment.
- Efficiency in all used systems and energy requirements in raw materials, equally at all stages in the life of a building.
- Reduction of Pollution (air, noise, solid waste and liquid ,...) through the application of various techniques:
- profuse use of Renewable Energy allowing, if possible, a surplus to make it available to the rest of society (micro generation).
- Recycling and reuse of everyday used materials minimizing the waste that will have to be collected separately. As the reuse of gray water for irrigation or creation of compost from organic materials,... Also it will be avoid, if possible, to send rainwater to drain systems reducing the underground water reserves and over sizing public sewer.
- Reafforestaion both common and private areas with diverse flora at all levels (plants, shrubs and trees). This may be native or non-invasive exotic as long they adapt to the local climate typology existing (or rare heavy rains, winds ,...) and doesn't attract to local fauna (birds, insects ,...).
- Creation of passages suitable to insects, amphibians, mammals,... between existing and recreated Natural areas (protected natural areas, parks, gardens, etc.) that will allow them to move in order to prevent their isolation and death.